9 Gurus of Sikh – Names, Teachings and History

by Farhan

Guru Nanak (1469-1539)

Master Nanak is the primary Sikh Guru. He lived for a long time. His dad’s name was Mehta Kalyan Chand, however, was known as Kalu Ji. His mom’s name was Mata Tripta Ji. He had two children.

Naturally introduced to a Hindu family, Guru Nanak dismissed the thought of divisions between individuals dependent on religion. He showed the Oneness of the Creator and the central fellowship and sisterhood of all. He expressed that the experience of the Divine stayed inside each individual.

So there was no distinction between individuals dependent on position, ideology, sexual orientation, or nationality. His basic however significant way of thinking laid on perceiving the crucial Divinity surprisingly. When lived in attention to the Divine Light inside all, human life could turn into a significant encounter of adoration, truth, persistence, harmony, and satisfaction

Master Nanak accomplished his condition of illumination, or acknowledgment, at some point around the age of 30. Subsequent to vanishing into a stream and reflecting in the water for three days, Guru Nanak rose having had an amazing vision of the idea of the real world, Divinity, and human presence.

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He recorded that vision in a tune known as Japji Sahib – the Song of the Soul. With Japji Sahib, mankind has an uncommon image of what a Master experienced right now of his illumination portrayed in his own words.

Japji Sahib turned into the establishment of this new profound convention. He united individuals everything being equal and sang Divine tunes in recognition of the Creator, the Creation, and the excursion of the soul through reality.

Guru Angad (1504-1552)

Master Angad as the second Sikh Guru. He was conceived in Sarai Matta, India. He wedded Mata Khiva.

Master Angad kept sharing the lessons of Guru Nanak. He additionally entered conditions of magical vision and composed tunes from his own understanding. To enable the network to figure out how to sing these tunes, Guru Angad normalized the Gurmukhi content.

With extremely simple and away from of articulation, the Gurmukhi content permitted individuals to articulate the melodies of Guru Nanak, Guru Angad, and the tunes of the spiritualists from different grounds and dialects that Guru Nanak had gathered. Somehow or another, one might say that Gurmukhi was the world’s first recording device – for it was a letter set contrived to re-make sound – paying little mind to the specific language a melody was written in.

Under Guru Angad’s guidance, his better half Mata Khivi further created langar–or the networking dinner. In India, individuals of various standings or social classes didn’t eat suppers together. Mata Khiva was instrumental in observing that this custom of eating together thrived into a foundation during the subsequent Guru’s rule.

Guru Amar Das (1479-1574)

Guru Amar Das is the third Sikh Guru. He was conceived in Basarke, India. He kept on sharing and extend the lessons of the Gurus. He likewise had mysterious encounters and shared those encounters through melody. He formed the Anand Sahib, the Song of Bliss, which is one of the five days by day supplications for somebody who has taken Amrit. He composed numerous different structures, also.

Master Amar Das established langar, or network dinners, in numerous spots. He additionally prepared clergymen to help and offer the lessons of the Sikh Gurus. During his lifetime, he uniquely prepared and appointed 52 female clergymen and 22 male priests to go into specific areas and serve. He showed modesty, administration, devotion, uniformity, respect, and regard to ladies.

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Guru Ram Das (1534-1581)

Master Ram Das is the fourth Sikh Guru. He was conceived in Lahore, Pakistan. Like the previous Sikh Gurus, Guru Ram Das had mysterious dreams and composed tunes clarifying the idea of the Divine and the human experience. Among his arrangements is the Lavaan – the Sikh wedding service – which he made on his big day to Bibi Bhani. He likewise composed four melodies referred to as the Engagement Shabads just as numerous different structures.

Master Ram Das established the city of Amritsar and started the way toward building the Harimandir Sahib which is the holiest sanctuary for Sikhs around the globe. He attempted the removal of the tank of water which encompasses the Temple. The water is unbelievable for its recuperating powers.

Guru Arjan (1563-1606)

Master Arjan is the fifth Sikh Guru. He was conceived in Goindwal, India. He inhaled him toward the end in Lahore, Pakistan where the Gurdwara of Dehra Sahib was built up. His mom was Mata Bhani Ji. His significant other was Mata Ganga Ji, They had just a single child, Hargobind, who became Guru Hargobind Sahib.

Master Arjan additionally attempted the enormous undertaking of making the Adi Granth, which turned into the ancestor to the Siri Guru Granth Sahib. Perceiving that the Shabad Guru was the base of the Sikh practice, Guru Arjan made an accumulation of sacrosanct tunes that incorporated the melodies of the past Sikh Gurus, tunes from Hindu and Sufi spiritualists, and his hallowed compositions.

As an ace, Guru Arjan could hear whether a melody was in the sound current of the Shabad and those tunes that unmistakably originated from the Universal Teachings were joined into the work. Master Arjan saw the Adi Granth as holding the everlasting, widespread insight of the Shabad Guru.

Guru Hargobind (1595-1644)

Master Hargobind is the 6th Sikh Guru. He had five children and a little girl. After the passing of Guru Arjan, the Sikh people group experienced a significant change. After the penance of his dad, be that as it may, Guru Hargobind perceived the requirement for the network to have the option to protect itself. This began the military activities of the Sikhs. Master Hargobind turned into an amazing warrior and prepared the Sikhs to battle.

The Sikh military convention, in any case, stayed established in the standards of harmony and resistance educated by the primary Sikh Gurus. The Sikh warrior would just guard never assault. In the coming hundreds of years, amidst tireless strict oppression, the Sikhs would be called upon to secure the privileges surprisingly to rehearse their religion openly.

They never took the property of others. They never utilized power as a way to oppress individuals. The Sikh warriors utilized their solidarity to guard themselves against unjustifiable assaults, and to safeguard the individuals who couldn’t shield themselves.

Guru Har Rai (1630-1661)

Master Har Rai is the seventh Sikh Guru. He was the grandson of Guru Hargobind. He is known as the “compassionate” Guru. He was conceived in Kiratpur, India. His dad was Guruditta Ji and his mom was Mata Nihal Kaur Ji.

After the fights and wars of Guru Hargobind’s time, the seventh Sikh Guru introduced a period of recuperating and harmony. As a youngster, when strolling with his granddad, Har Rai’s robes brushed a flower shrubbery and the entirety of the petals tumbled off one of the roses. Master Hargobind trained the kid that he ought to never take on in the conflict.

Guru Har Krishan (1656-1664)

Master Har Krishan is the eighth Sikh Guru. He became Guru at five years old and inhaled his last at 8 years old in New Delhi, India, where the Gurdwara of Bangala Sahib has been built up. He was conceived at Kiratpur, India.

At the point when the Guruship went to a small kid of 5, some in the network could hardly imagine how a young man could lead them. Accordingly, Guru Har Krishan mentioned that Lal Chand proceed to discover somebody to talk for the Guru’s benefit. Lal Chand looked through the town and brought a hard of hearing, quiet and ignorant water-bearer, Chhaju Ram, to talk for the Guru’s sake.

Master Har Krishan contacted the top of the water bearer with his shoe. Out of nowhere Chhaju Ram got stirred and continued to give a straightforward however significantly moving talk on the importance of sacred writing. Lal Chand asked for pardoning from Guru Har Krishan and the network completely acknowledged the youngster’s capacity to lead the network.

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Guru Teg Bahadur (1621-1675)

Master Teg Bahadur is the ninth Sikh Guru. His mom was Mata Nanki Ji. His significant other was Mata Gujri Ji. He was the grandson of Guru Arjan Dev and his child was Gobind Rai who later became Guru Gobind Singh.

From the hour of his childhood, Guru Teg Bahadur had a profoundly reflective nature. He spent numerous prior years turning into the Guru in reflection. His significant other partook with him in his thorough reflective practices. Like the initial five Sikh Gurus, Guru Teg Bahadur had mysterious encounters of the Shabad and shared his encounters through a tune.

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